BREXIT: How Will It Affect India?
1. The United Kingdom has held the referendum for whether to remain in or leave the 28-nation European Union (EU) on 23rd June, 2016 i.e. today; the event which is termed as the most important global event of the year and is expected to have profound implications for various economies across the world.
2. Let us have a look at the IMPACT it would have on the Indian economy:
A) According to the Commerce and Industry Ministry, India's bilateral trade with Britain stood at $14.02 Billion in 2015-16 ($8.83 Billion in exports and $5.19 Billion in imports). Thus, the trade balance was a positive $3.64 Billion.
B) This would be affected as a possible Brexit is estimated to shrink Britain's GDP by 360 basis points in the next two years, shrink the employment rate by 160 basis points and the pound by around 15-20%.
C) There are around 800 NRI owned businesses in the UK with close to 110,000 employees. Also, India invests more in UK than the rest of the Europe combined; the key factor for this investment being the free cross border access to the European markets from one of its best economies as of date.
D) Brexit ceases them of this privilege bearing a cloud of uncertainty on future investments.
E) In case of a Brexit, India will not be spared of the collateral damage that it would trigger, especially in the emerging economies, which might witness a selloff, forcing most money managers to shift their exposure to safe haven currencies like the dollar and the yen, and even gold to some extent.
This might push the rupee towards the 70 level, considering a short term horizon. But the positive here is that the Indian forex reserves, which stood at a record high at $363.46 Billion for the week ended 3rd June 2016, has been said to be utilized by the central bank to infuse whatever liquidity that is needed to keep a check on the market.
Lastly, the exports of the Indian IT industry which is currently at around $108 Billion, is expected to be impacted the most, by the Brexit, if it happens.
As mentioned above, the pound is expected to fall by around 15-20% in case Britain decides to leave the EU. This will affect the 'Rupee value' of the exports made by the IT companies and they will have to bear the brunt of this major currency fluctuation.
In a nutshell, earlier, most of the Indian businesses chose to locate their European offices in the UK, to gain the ease of operating in the UK and avail the benefits of remaining in the EU. Removing this gateway would be undesirable for Indian businesses in the UK, who may then choose to relocate their offices and direct their investment elsewhere in Europe.
This might definitely cause temporary hiccups in the Indian stock market, but the bottom line is, Brexit, whether it happens or not, is not going to change the fundamentals of the companies, and the growth stories that they charted, will be continued upon no matter what happens. As a retail investor, you should look at Brexit, as an opportunity to enter into businesses, which you have yet missed, at comparatively lower valuations, as the markets will definitely bounce back when the dust settles and you can hence enjoy that rally.
Consider the following example that proves that such global events do affect emerging stock markets like India in the short run, but they in turn bounced back over the long haul. The Indian markets witnessed a heavy selloff in August 2015, when China devalued its currency Yuan, which sent shockwaves all across the globe. CNX Nifty, India's benchmark index fell from the 8300 levels it was trading at as on 21st August, 2015 to 7800 levels in the very next trading session. It further plummeted to 7550 levels in the next couple of weeks, only to bounce back sharply to regain its former 8300 levels in the next two and a half weeks.